This book explores legislation defining the functioning of political parties in Azerbaijan. It includes discussion of various issues ranging from the registration of political parties to the formation of factions within the parliament. The author analyses how an increasingly restrictive legal environment and government policies have influenced the development of a multi-party system in Azerbaijan. She highlights the impact of legislation and electoral practices, the status of factions and groups in the parliament, the political economy of energy rich states and degree of fundamental freedoms upon the development of political parties. The study pays special attention to the issue of women’s participation in the political sphere. It concludes with recommendations for the improvement of conditions for party development in the country.